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A Complete IOR List for Materials

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    Tony Harris
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    Hi there,

    I want to share this list , I think that helps a lot when tried to found right reflections on Vray materials.

    IOR = Index Of Refraction

    IOR = Index Of Refraction

    Part 1/2

    Acetone 1.36

    Actinolite 1.618

    Agate 1.544

    Agate, Moss 1.540

    Air 1.0002926

    Alcohol 1.329

    Alexandrite 1.745

    Aluminum 1.44

    Amber 1.546

    Amblygonite 1.611

    Amethyst 1.544

    Anatase 2.490

    Andalusite 1.641

    Anhydrite 1.571

    Apatite 1.632

    Apophyllite 1.536

    Aquamarine 1.577

    Aragonite 1.530

    Argon 1.000281

    Asphalt 1.635

    Augelite 1.574

    Axinite 1.675

    Azurite 1.730

    Barite 1.636

    Barytocalcite 1.684

    Benitoite 1.757

    Benzene 1.501

    Beryl 1.577

    Beryllonite 1.553

    Brazilianite 1.603

    Bromine (liq) 1.661

    Bronze 1.18

    Calcite 1.486

    Cancrinite 1.491

    Carbon Dioxide (gas) 1.000449

    Carbon Disulfide 1.628

    Carbon Tetrachloride 1.460

    Cassiterite 1.997

    Celestite 1.622

    Cerussite 1.804

    Ceylanite 1.770

    Chalcedony 1.530

    Chalk 1.510

    Chalybite 1.630

    Chlorine (gas) 1.000768

    Chlorine (liq) 1.385

    Chrome Green 2.4

    Chrome Red 2.42

    Chrome Yellow 2.31

    Chromium 2.97

    Chrysoberyl 1.745

    Chrysocolla 1.500

    Chrysoprase 1.534

    Citrine 1.550

    Clinozoisite 1.724

    Cobalt Blue 1.74

    Cobalt Green 1.97

    Cobalt Violet 1.71

    Colemanite 1.586

    Copper 1.10

    Copper Oxide 2.705

    Coral 1.486

    Cordierite 1.540

    Corundum 1.766

    Crocoite 2.310

    Crystal 2.00

    Cuprite 2.850

    Danburite 1.633

    Diamond 2.417

    Diopside 1.680

    Dolomite 1.503

    Dumortierite 1.686

    Ebonite 1.66

    Ekanite 1.600

    Elaeolite 1.532

    Emerald 1.576

    Emerald, Synth flux 1.561

    Emerald, Synth hydro 1.568

    Enstatite 1.663

    Epidote 1.733

    Ethanol 1.36

    Ethyl Alcohol 1.36

    Euclase 1.652

    Feldspar, Adventurine 1.532

    Feldspar, Albite 1.525

    Feldspar, Amazonite 1.525

    Feldspar, Labradorite 1.565

    Feldspar, Microcline 1.525

    Feldspar, Oligoclase 1.539

    Feldspar, orthoclase 1.525

    Fluoride 1.56

    Fluorite 1.434

    Formica 1.47

    Garnet, Almandine 1.760

    Garnet, Almandite 1.790

    Garnet, Andradite 1.820

    Garnet, Demantoid 1.880

    Garnet, Grossular 1.738

    Garnet, Hessonite 1.745

    Garnet, Rhodolite 1.760

    Garnet, Spessartite 1.810

    Gaylussite 1.517

    Glass 1.51714

    Glass, Albite 1.4890

    Glass, Crown 1.520

    Glass, Crown, Zinc 1.517

    Glass, Flint, Dense 1.66

    Glass, Flint, Heaviest 1.89

    Glass, Flint, Heavy 1.65548

    Glass, Flint, Lanthanum 1.80

    Glass, Flint, Light 1.58038

    Glass, Flint, Medium 1.62725

    Glycerine 1.473

    Gold 0.47

    Hambergite 1.559

    Hauynite 1.502

    Helium 1.000036

    Hematite 2.940

    Hemimorphite 1.614

    Hiddenite 1.655

    Howlite 1.586

    Hydrogen (gas) 1.000140

    Hydrogen (liq) 1.0974

    Hypersthene 1.670

    Ice 1.309

    Idocrase 1.713

    Iodine Crystal 3.34

    Iolite 1.548

    Iron 1.51

    Ivory 1.540

    Jade, Nephrite 1.610

    Jadeite 1.665

    Jasper 1.540

    Jet 1.660

    Kornerupine 1.665

    Kunzite 1.655

    Kyanite 1.715

    Lapis Gem 1.500

    Lapis Lazuli 1.61

    Lazulite 1.615

    Lead 2.01

    Leucite 1.509

    Magnesite 1.515

    Malachite 1.655

    Meerschaum 1.530

    Mercury (liq) 1.62

    Methanol 1.329

    Moldavite 1.500

    Moonstone, Adularia 1.525

    Moonstone, Albite 1.535

    Natrolite 1.480

    Nephrite 1.600

    Nitrogen (gas) 1.000297

    Nitrogen (liq) 1.2053

    Nylon 1.53

    Obsidian 1.489

    Olivine 1.670

    Onyx 1.486

    Opal 1.450

    Oxygen (gas) 1.000276

    Oxygen (liq) 1.221

    Painite 1.787

    Pearl 1.530

    Periclase 1.740

    Peridot 1.654

    Peristerite 1.525

    Petalite 1.502

    Phenakite 1.650

    Phosgenite 2.117

    Plastic 1.460

    Plexiglas 1.50

    Polystyrene 1.55

    Prase 1.540

    Prasiolite 1.540

    Prehnite 1.610

    Proustite 2.790

    Purpurite 1.840

    Pyrite 1.810

    Pyrope 1.740

    Quartz 1.544

    Quartz, Fused 1.45843

    Rhodizite 1.690

    Rhodonite 1.735

    Rock Salt 1.544

    Rubber, Natural 1.5191

    Ruby 1.760

    Rutile 2.62

    Sanidine 1.522

    Sapphire 1.760

    Scapolite 1.540

    Scapolite, Yellow 1.555

    Scheelite 1.920

    Selenium, Amorphous 2.92

    Serpentine 1.560

    Shell 1.530

    Silicon 4.24

    Sillimanite 1.658

    Silver 0.18

    Sinhalite 1.699

    Smaragdite 1.608

    Smithsonite 1.621

    Sodalite 1.483

    Sodium Chloride 1.544

    Sphalerite 2.368

    Sphene 1.885

    Spinel 1.712

    Spodumene 1.650

    Staurolite 1.739

    Steatite 1.539

    Steel 2.50

    Stichtite 1.520

    Strontium Titanate 2.410

    Styrofoam 1.595

    Sulphur 1.960

    Synthetic Spinel 1.730

    Taaffeite 1.720

    Tantalite 2.240

    Tanzanite 1.691

    Teflon 1.35

    Thomsonite 1.530

    Tiger eye 1.544

    Topaz 1.620

    Topaz, Blue 1.610

    Topaz, Pink 1.620

    Topaz, White 1.630

    Topaz, Yellow 1.620

    Tourmaline 1.624

    Tremolite 1.600

    Tugtupite 1.496

    Turpentine 1.472

    Turquoise 1.610

    Ulexite 1.490

    Uvarovite 1.870

    Variscite 1.550

    Vivianite 1.580

    Wardite 1.590

    Water (gas) 1.000261

    Water 100’C 1.31819

    Water 20’C 1.33335

    Water 35’C (Room temp) 1.33157

    Willemite 1.690

    Witherite 1.532

    Wulfenite 2.300

    Zincite 2.010

    Zircon, High 1.960

    Zircon, Low 1.800

    Zirconia, Cubic 2.170

    Liquids

    Acetone 1.36

    Alcohol, Ethyl (grain) 1.36

    Alcohol, Methyl (wood) 1.329

    Beer 1.345

    Carbonated Beverages 1.34 – 1.356

    Fruit Juice

    Chlorine (liq) 1.385

    Cranberry Juice (25%) 1.351

    Glycerin 1.473

    Honey, 13% water content 1.504

    Honey, 17% water content 1.494

    Honey, 21% water content 1.484

    Ice 1.309

    Milk 1.35

    Oil, Clove 1.535

    Oil, Lemon 1.481

    Oil, Neroli 1.482

    Oil, Orange 1.473

    Oil, Safflower 1.466

    Oil, vegetable (50° C) 1.47

    Oil of Wintergreen 1.536

    Rum, White 1.361

    Shampoo 1.362

    Sugar Solution 30% 1.38

    Sugar Solution 80% 1.49

    Turpentine 1.472

    Vodka 1.363

    Water (0° C) 1.33346

    Water (100° C) 1.31766

    Water (20° C) 1.33283

    Whisky 1.356

    Minerals & Gemstones

    Alexandrite 1.746 – 1.755

    Almandine 1.75 – 1.83

    Amber 1.539 – 1.545

    Amethyst 1.532 – 1.554

    Ammolite 1.52 -1.68

    Andalusite 1.629 – 1.650

    Apatite 1.632 – 1.42

    Aquamarine 1.567-1.590

    Axenite 1.674 – 1.704

    Beryl 1.57 – 1.60

    Beryl, Red 1.570 – 1.598

    Chalcedony 1.544 – 1.553

    Chrome Tourmaline, 1.61 – 1.64

    Citrine 1.532 – 1.554

    Clinohumite 1.625 – 1.675

    Coral 1.486 – 1.658

    Crystal 2.000

    Crysoberyl, Catseye 1.746 – 1.755

    Danburite 1.627 – 1.641

    Diamond 2.417

    Emerald 1.560 – 1.605

    Emerald Catseye 1.560 – 1.605

    Flourite 1.434

    Garnet, Andradite 1.88 – 1.94

    Garnet, Demantiod 1.880 – 1.9

    Garnet, Mandarin 1.790 – 1.8

    Garnet, Pyrope 1.73 – 1.76

    Garnet, Rhodolite 1.740 – 1.770

    Garnet, Tsavorite 1.739 – 1.744

    Garnet, Uvarovite 1.74 – 1.87

    Hauyn 1.490 – 1.505

    Iolite 1.522 – 1.578

    Jade, Jadeite 1.64 – 1.667

    Jade, Nephrite 1.600 – 1.641

    Jet 1.660

    Kunzite 1.660 – 1.676

    Labradorite 1.560 – 1.572

    Lapis Lazuli 1.50 – 1.55

    Moonstone 1.518 – 1.526

    Morganite 1.585 – 1.594

    Obsidian 1.50

    Opal, Black 1.440 – 1.460

    Opal, Fire 1.430 – 1.460

    Opal, White 1.440 – 1.460

    Oregon Sunstone 1.560 – 1.572

    Padparadja 1.760 – 1.773

    Peridot 1.635 – 1.690

    Quartz 1.544 – 1.553

    Ruby 1.757 – 1.779

    Sapphire 1.757 – 1.779

    Sapphire, Star 1.760 – 1.773

    Spessarite 1.79 – 1.81

    Spinel 1.712 – 1.717

    Spinel, Blue 1.712 – 1.747

    Spinel, Red 1.708 – 1.735

    Star Ruby 1.76 – 1.773

    Tanzanite 1.690-1.7

    Tanzanite 1.692 – 1.700

    Topaz 1.607 – 1.627

    Topaz, Imperial 1.605-1.640

    Tourmaline 1.603 – 1.655

    Tourmaline, Blue 1.61 – 1.64

    Tourmaline, Catseye 1.61 – 1.64

    Tourmaline, Green 1.61 – 1.64

    Tourmaline, Paraiba 1.61 – 1.65

    Tourmaline, Red 1.61 – 1.64

    Zircon 1.777 – 1.987

    Zirconia, Cubic 2.173 – 2.21

    Transparent materials

    Eye, Aqueous humor 1.33

    Eye, Cornea 1.38

    Eye, Lens 1.41

    Eye, Vitreous humor 1.34

    Glass, Arsenic Trisulfide 2.04

    Glass, Crown (common) 1.52

    Glass, Flint, 29% lead 1.569

    Glass, Flint, 55% lead 1.669

    Glass, Flint, 71% lead 1.805

    Glass, Fused Silica 1.459

    Glass, Pyrex 1.474

    Lucite 1.495

    Nylon 1.53

    Obsidian 1.50

    Plastic 1.460 – 1.55

    Plexiglas 1.488

    Salt 1.516

    Metals

    Aluminum 1.39

    Copper 2.43

    Gold 0.166

    Mylar 1.65

    Nickel 1.08

    Platinum 2.33

    Silver 1.35

    Titanium 2.16

    Vacuum 1.0000

    Air 1.0003

    Ice 1.31

    Water 1.333

    Ethyl Alcohol 1.36

    Plexiglas 1.51

    Crown Glass 1.52

    Light Flint Glass 1.58

    Dense Flint Glass 1.66

    Zircon 1.923

    Diamond 2.417

    Rutile 2.907

    Gallium phosphide 3.50

    Various household liquids

    Glycerin 1,367

    All Purpose Orange Cleaner (Pathmark Brand) 1,293

    Degreaser 1.377

    Shower Gel 1.51

    Baby Wash 1.26

    Vacuum 1 (exactly)

    Helium 1.000036

    Air @ STP 1.0002926

    Carbon dioxide 1.00045

    Water Ice 1.31

    Liquid Water (20°C) 1.332986

    Cryolite 1.338

    Acetone 1.36

    Ethanol 1.36

    Teflon 1.35 – 1.38

    Glycerol 1.4729

    Acrylic glass 1.490 – 1.492

    Rock salt 1.516

    Crown glass (pure) 1.50 – 1.54

    Salt (NaCl) 1.544

    Polycarbonate 1.584 – 1.586

    PMMA 1.4893 – 1.4899

    PETg 1.57

    PET 1.5750

    Flint glass (pure) 1.60 – 1.62

    Crown glass (impure) 1.485 – 1.755

    Bromine 1.661

    Flint glass (impure) 1.523 – 1.925

    Cubic zirconia 2.15 – 2.18

    Diamond 2.419

    Moissanite 2.65 – 2.69

    Cinnabar (Mercury sulfide) 3.02

    Gallium(III) phosphide 3.5

    Gallium(III) arsenide 3.927

    Silicon 4.01

    Acetone 1.36

    Actinolite 1.618

    Agalmatoite 1.550

    Agate 1.544

    Agate, Moss 1.540

    Air 1.0002926

    Alcohol 1.329

    Alexandrite 1.745

    Aluminum 1.44

    Amber 1.546

    Amblygonite 1.611

    Amethyst 1.544

    Anatase 2.490

    Andalusite 1.641

    Anhydrite 1.571

    Apatite 1.632

    Apophyllite 1.536

    Aquamarine 1.577

    Aragonite 1.530

    Argon 1.000281

    Asphalt 1.635

    Augelite 1.574

    Axinite 1.675

    Azurite 1.730

    Barite 1.636

    Barytocalcite 1.684

    Benitoite 1.757

    Benzene 1.501

    Beryl 1.577

    Beryllonite 1.553

    Brazilianite 1.603

    Bromine (liq) 1.661

    Bronze 1.18

    Brownite 1.567

    Calcite 1.486

    Calspar 1.486

    Cancrinite 1.491

    Carbon Dioxide (gas) 1.000449

    Carbon Disulfide 1.628

    Carbon Tetrachloride 1.460

    Cassiterite 1.997

    Celestite 1.622

    Cerussite 1.804

    Ceylanite 1.770

    Chalcedony 1.530

    Chalk 1.510

    Chalybite 1.630

    Chlorine (gas) 1.000768

    Chlorine (liq) 1.385

    Chrome Green 2.4

    Chrome Red 2.42

    Chrome Yellow 2.31

    Chromium 2.97

    Chrysoberyl 1.745

    Chrysocolla 1.500

    Chrysoprase 1.534

    Citrine 1.550

    Clinozoisite 1.724

    Cobalt Blue 1.74

    Cobalt Green 1.97

    Cobalt Violet 1.71

    Colemanite 1.586

    Copper 1.10

    Copper Oxide 2.705

    Coral 1.486

    Cordierite 1.540

    Corundum 1.766

    Crocoite 2.310

    Crystal 2.00

    Cuprite 2.850

    Danburite 1.633

    Diamond 2.417

    Diopside 1.680

    Dolomite 1.503

    Dumortierite 1.686

    Ebonite 1.66

    Ekanite 1.600

    Elaeolite 1.532

    Emerald 1.576

    Emerald, Synth flux 1.561

    Emerald, Synth hydro 1.568

    Enstatite 1.663

    Epidote 1.733

    Ethanol 1.36

    Ethyl Alcohol 1.36

    Euclase 1.652

    Fabulite 2.409

    Feldspar, Adventurine 1.532

    Feldspar, Albite 1.525

    Feldspar, Amazonite 1.525

    Feldspar, Labradorite 1.565

    Feldspar, Microcline 1.525

    Feldspar, Oligoclase 1.539

    Feldspar, Orthoclase 1.525

    Fluoride 1.56

    Fluorite 1.434

    Formica 1.47

    Garnet, Almandine 1.760

    Garnet, Almandite 1.790

    Garnet, Andradite 1.820

    Garnet, Demantoid 1.880

    Garnet, Grossular 1.738

    Garnet, Hessonite 1.745

    Garnet, Rhodolite 1.760

    Garnet, Spessartite 1.810

    Gaylussite 1.517

    Glass 1.51714

    Glass, Albite 1.4890

    Glass, Crown 1.520

    Glass, Crown, Zinc 1.517

    Glass, Flint, Dense 1.66

    Glass, Flint, Heaviest 1.89

    Glass, Flint, Heavy 1.65548

    Glass, Flint, Lanthanum 1.80

    Glass, Flint, Light 1.58038

    Glass, Flint, Medium 1.62725

    Glycerine 1.473

    Gold 0.47

    Hambergite 1.559

    Hauynite 1.502

    Helium 1.000036

    Hematite 2.940

    Hemimorphite 1.614

    Hiddenite 1.655

    Howlite 1.586

    Hydrogen (gas) 1.000140

    Hydrogen (liq) 1.0974

    Hypersthene 1.670

    Ice 1.309

    Idocrase 1.713

    Iodine Crystal 3.34

    Iolite 1.548

    Iron 1.51

    Ivory 1.540

    Jade, Nephrite 1.610

    Jadeite 1.665

    Jasper 1.540

    Jet 1.660

    Kornerupine 1.665

    Kunzite 1.655

    Kyanite 1.715

    Lapis Gem 1.500

    Lapis Lazuli 1.61

    Lazulite 1.615

    Lead 2.01

    Leucite 1.509

    Magnesite 1.515

    Malachite 1.655

    Meerschaum 1.530

    Mercury (liq) 1.62

    Methanol 1.329

    Moldavite 1.500

    Moonstone, Adularia 1.525

    Moonstone, Albite 1.535

    Natrolite 1.480

    Nephrite 1.600

    Nitrogen (gas) 1.000297

    Nitrogen (liq) 1.2053

    Nylon 1.53

    Obsidian 1.489

    Olivine 1.670

    Onyx 1.486

    Opal 1.450

    Oxygen (gas) 1.000276

    Oxygen (liq) 1.221

    Painite 1.787

    Pearl 1.530

    Periclase 1.740

    Peridot 1.654

    Peristerite 1.525

    Petalite 1.502

    Phenakite 1.650

    Phosgenite 2.117

    Plastic 1.460

    Plexiglas 1.50

    Polystyrene 1.55

    Prase 1.540

    Prasiolite 1.540

    Prehnite 1.610

    Proustite 2.790

    Purpurite 1.840

    Pyrite 1.810

    Pyrope 1.740

    Quartz 1.544

    Quartz, Fused 1.45843

    Rhodizite 1.690

    Rhodochrisite 1.600

    Rhodonite 1.735

    Rock Salt 1.544

    Rubber, Natural 1.5191

    Ruby 1.760

    Rutile 2.62

    Sanidine 1.522

    Sapphire 1.760

    Scapolite 1.540

    Scapolite, Yellow 1.555

    Scheelite 1.920

    Selenium, Amorphous 2.92

    Serpentine 1.560

    Shell 1.530

    Silicon 4.24

    Sillimanite 1.658

    Silver 0.18

    Sinhalite 1.699

    Smaragdite 1.608

    Smithsonite 1.621

    Sodalite 1.483

    Sodium Chloride 1.544

    Sphalerite 2.368

    Sphene 1.885

    Spinel 1.712

    Spodumene 1.650

    Staurolite 1.739

    Steatite 1.539

    Steel 2.50

    Stichtite 1.520

    Strontium Titanate 2.410

    Styrofoam 1.595

    Sulphur 1.960

    Synthetic Spinel 1.730

    Taaffeite 1.720

    Tantalite 2.240

    Tanzanite 1.691

    Teflon 1.35

    Thomsonite 1.530

    Tiger eye 1.544

    Topaz 1.620

    Topaz, Blue 1.610

    Topaz, Pink 1.620

    Topaz, White 1.630

    Topaz, Yellow 1.620

    Tourmaline 1.624

    Tremolite 1.600

    Tugtupite 1.496

    Turpentine 1.472

    Turquoise 1.610

    Ulexite 1.490

    Uvarovite 1.870

    Variscite 1.550

    Vivianite 1.580

    Wardite 1.590

    Water (gas) 1.000261

    Water 100’C 1.31819

    Water 20’C 1.33335

    Water 35’C (Room temp) 1.33157

    Willemite 1.690

    Witherite 1.532

    Wulfenite 2.300

    Zincite 2.010

    Zircon, High 1.960

    Zircon, Low 1.800

    Zirconia, Cubic 2.170

    Part 2/2

    Sorted by refractive index:

    Silver 0.18

    Gold 0.47

    Helium 1.000036

    Hydrogen (gas) 1.00014

    Water (gas) 1.000261

    Oxygen (gas) 1.000276

    Argon 1.000281

    Air 1.0002926

    Nitrogen (gas) 1.000297

    Carbon Dioxide (gas) 1.000449

    Chlorine (gas) 1.000768

    Hydrogen (liq) 1.0974

    Copper 1.1

    Bronze 1.18

    Nitrogen (liq) 1.2053

    Oxygen (liq) 1.221

    Ice 1.309

    Water 100’C 1.31819

    Alcohol 1.329

    Methanol 1.329

    Water 35’C (Room temp) 1.33157

    Water 20’C 1.33335

    Teflon 1.35

    Acetone 1.36

    Ethanol 1.36

    Ethyl Alcohol 1.36

    Chlorine (liq) 1.385

    Fluorite 1.434

    Aluminum 1.44

    Opal 1.45

    Quartz, Fused 1.45843

    Carbon Tetrachloride 1.46

    Plastic 1.46

    Formica 1.47

    Turpentine 1.472

    Glycerine 1.473

    Natrolite 1.48

    Sodalite 1.483

    Calcite 1.486

    Calspar 1.486

    Coral 1.486

    Onyx 1.486

    Glass, Albite 1.489

    Obsidian 1.489

    Ulexite 1.49

    Cancrinite 1.491

    Tugtupite 1.496

    Chrysocolla 1.5

    Lapis Gem 1.5

    Moldavite 1.5

    Plexiglas 1.5

    Benzene 1.501

    Hauynite 1.502

    Petalite 1.502

    Dolomite 1.503

    Leucite 1.509

    Chalk 1.51

    Iron 1.51

    Magnesite 1.515

    Gaylussite 1.517

    Glass, Crown, Zinc 1.517

    Glass 1.51714

    Rubber, Natural 1.5191

    Glass, Crown 1.52

    Stichtite 1.52

    Sanidine 1.522

    Feldspar, Albite 1.525

    Feldspar, Amazonite 1.525

    Feldspar, Microcline 1.525

    Feldspar, Orthoclase 1.525

    Moonstone, Adularia 1.525

    Peristerite 1.525

    Aragonite 1.53

    Chalcedony 1.53

    Meerschaum 1.53

    Nylon 1.53

    Pearl 1.53

    Shell 1.53

    Thomsonite 1.53

    Elaeolite 1.532

    Feldspar, Adventurine 1.532

    Witherite 1.532

    Chrysoprase 1.534

    Moonstone, Albite 1.535

    Apophyllite 1.536

    Feldspar, Oligoclase 1.539

    Steatite 1.539

    Agate, Moss 1.54

    Cordierite 1.54

    Ivory 1.54

    Jasper 1.54

    Prase 1.54

    Prasiolite 1.54

    Scapolite 1.54

    Agate 1.544

    Amethyst 1.544

    Quartz 1.544

    Rock Salt 1.544

    Sodium Chloride 1.544

    Tiger eye 1.544

    Amber 1.546

    Iolite 1.548

    Agalmatoite 1.55

    Citrine 1.55

    Polystyrene 1.55

    Variscite 1.55

    Beryllonite 1.553

    Scapolite, Yellow 1.555

    Hambergite 1.559

    Fluoride 1.56

    Serpentine 1.56

    Emerald, Synth flux 1.561

    Feldspar, Labradorite 1.565

    Brownite 1.567

    Emerald, Synth hydro 1.568

    Anhydrite 1.571

    Augelite 1.574

    Emerald 1.576

    Aquamarine 1.577

    Beryl 1.577

    Vivianite 1.58

    Glass, Flint, Light 1.58038

    Colemanite 1.586

    Howlite 1.586

    Wardite 1.59

    Styrofoam 1.595

    Ekanite 1.6

    Nephrite 1.6

    Rhodochrisite 1.6

    Tremolite 1.6

    Brazilianite 1.603

    Smaragdite 1.608

    Jade, Nephrite 1.61

    Lapis Lazuli 1.61

    Prehnite 1.61

    Topaz, Blue 1.61

    Turquoise 1.61

    Amblygonite 1.611

    Hemimorphite 1.614

    Lazulite 1.615

    Actinolite 1.618

    Mercury (liq) 1.62

    Topaz 1.62

    Topaz, Pink 1.62

    Topaz, Yellow 1.62

    Smithsonite 1.621

    Celestite 1.622

    Tourmaline 1.624

    Glass, Flint, Medium 1.62725

    Carbon Disulfide 1.628

    Chalybite 1.63

    Topaz, White 1.63

    Apatite 1.632

    Danburite 1.633

    Asphalt 1.635

    Barite 1.636

    Andalusite 1.641

    Phenakite 1.65

    Spodumene 1.65

    Euclase 1.652

    Peridot 1.654

    Hiddenite 1.655

    Kunzite 1.655

    Malachite 1.655

    Glass, Flint, Heavy 1.65548

    Sillimanite 1.658

    Ebonite 1.66

    Glass, Flint, Dense 1.66

    Jet 1.66

    Bromine (liq) 1.661

    Enstatite 1.663

    Jadeite 1.665

    Kornerupine 1.665

    Hypersthene 1.67

    Olivine 1.67

    Axinite 1.675

    Diopside 1.68

    Barytocalcite 1.684

    Dumortierite 1.686

    Rhodizite 1.69

    Willemite 1.69

    Tanzanite 1.691

    Sinhalite 1.699

    Cobalt Violet 1.71

    Spinel 1.712

    Idocrase 1.713

    Kyanite 1.715

    Taaffeite 1.72

    Clinozoisite 1.724

    Azurite 1.73

    Synthetic Spinel 1.73

    Epidote 1.733

    Rhodonite 1.735

    Silver 0.18

    Gold 0.47

    Helium 1.000036

    Hydrogen (gas) 1.00014

    Water (gas) 1.000261

    Oxygen (gas) 1.000276

    Argon 1.000281

    Air 1.0002926

    Nitrogen (gas) 1.000297

    Carbon Dioxide (gas) 1.000449

    Chlorine (gas) 1.000768

    Hydrogen (liq) 1.0974

    Copper 1.1

    Bronze 1.18

    Nitrogen (liq) 1.2053

    Oxygen (liq) 1.221

    Ice 1.309

    Water 100’C 1.31819

    Alcohol 1.329

    Methanol 1.329

    Water 35’C (Room temp) 1.33157

    Water 20’C 1.33335

    Teflon 1.35

    Acetone 1.36

    Ethanol 1.36

    Ethyl Alcohol 1.36

    Chlorine (liq) 1.385

    Fluorite 1.434

    Aluminum 1.44

    Opal 1.45

    Quartz, Fused 1.45843

    Carbon Tetrachloride 1.46

    Plastic 1.46

    Formica 1.47

    Turpentine 1.472

    Glycerine 1.473

    Natrolite 1.48

    Sodalite 1.483

    Calcite 1.486

    Calspar 1.486

    Coral 1.486

    Onyx 1.486

    Glass, Albite 1.489

    Obsidian 1.489

    Ulexite 1.49

    Cancrinite 1.491

    Tugtupite 1.496

    Chrysocolla 1.5

    Lapis Gem 1.5

    Moldavite 1.5

    Plexiglas 1.5

    Benzene 1.501

    Hauynite 1.502

    Petalite 1.502

    Dolomite 1.503

    Leucite 1.509

    Chalk 1.51

    Iron 1.51

    Magnesite 1.515

    Gaylussite 1.517

    Glass, Crown, Zinc 1.517

    Glass 1.51714

    Rubber, Natural 1.5191

    Glass, Crown 1.52

    Stichtite 1.52

    Sanidine 1.522

    Feldspar, Albite 1.525

    Feldspar, Amazonite 1.525

    Feldspar, Microcline 1.525

    Feldspar, Orthoclase 1.525

    Moonstone, Adularia 1.525

    Peristerite 1.525

    Aragonite 1.53

    Chalcedony 1.53

    Meerschaum 1.53

    Nylon 1.53

    Pearl 1.53

    Shell 1.53

    Thomsonite 1.53

    Elaeolite 1.532

    Feldspar, Adventurine 1.532

    Witherite 1.532

    Chrysoprase 1.534

    Moonstone, Albite 1.535

    Apophyllite 1.536

    Feldspar, Oligoclase 1.539

    Steatite 1.539

    Agate, Moss 1.54

    Cordierite 1.54

    Ivory 1.54

    Jasper 1.54

    Prase 1.54

    Prasiolite 1.54

    Scapolite 1.54

    Agate 1.544

    Amethyst 1.544

    Quartz 1.544

    Rock Salt 1.544

    Sodium Chloride 1.544

    Tiger eye 1.544

    Amber 1.546

    Iolite 1.548

    Agalmatoite 1.55

    Citrine 1.55

    Polystyrene 1.55

    Variscite 1.55

    Beryllonite 1.553

    Scapolite, Yellow 1.555

    Hambergite 1.559

    Fluoride 1.56

    Serpentine 1.56

    Emerald, Synth flux 1.561

    Feldspar, Labradorite 1.565

    Brownite 1.567

    Emerald, Synth hydro 1.568

    Anhydrite 1.571

    Augelite 1.574

    Emerald 1.576

    Aquamarine 1.577

    Beryl 1.577

    Vivianite 1.58

    Glass, Flint, Light 1.58038

    Colemanite 1.586

    Howlite 1.586

    Wardite 1.59

    Styrofoam 1.595

    Ekanite 1.6

    Nephrite 1.6

    Rhodochrisite 1.6

    Tremolite 1.6

    Brazilianite 1.603

    Smaragdite 1.608

    Jade, Nephrite 1.61

    Lapis Lazuli 1.61

    Prehnite 1.61

    Topaz, Blue 1.61

    Turquoise 1.61

    Amblygonite 1.611

    Hemimorphite 1.614

    Lazulite 1.615

    Actinolite 1.618

    Mercury (liq) 1.62

    Topaz 1.62

    Topaz, Pink 1.62

    Topaz, Yellow 1.62

    Smithsonite 1.621

    Celestite 1.622

    Tourmaline 1.624

    Glass, Flint, Medium 1.62725

    Carbon Disulfide 1.628

    Chalybite 1.63

    Topaz, White 1.63

    Apatite 1.632

    Danburite 1.633

    Asphalt 1.635

    Barite 1.636

    Andalusite 1.641

    Phenakite 1.65

    Spodumene 1.65

    Euclase 1.652

    Peridot 1.654

    Hiddenite 1.655

    Kunzite 1.655

    Malachite 1.655

    Glass, Flint, Heavy 1.65548

    Sillimanite 1.658

    Ebonite 1.66

    Glass, Flint, Dense 1.66

    Jet 1.66

    Bromine (liq) 1.661

    Enstatite 1.663

    Jadeite 1.665

    Kornerupine 1.665

    Hypersthene 1.67

    Olivine 1.67

    Axinite 1.675

    Diopside 1.68

    Barytocalcite 1.684

    Dumortierite 1.686

    Rhodizite 1.69

    Willemite 1.69

    Tanzanite 1.691

    Sinhalite 1.699

    Cobalt Violet 1.71

    Spinel 1.712

    Idocrase 1.713

    Kyanite 1.715

    Taaffeite 1.72

    Clinozoisite 1.724

    Azurite 1.73

    Synthetic Spinel 1.73

    Epidote 1.733

    Rhodonite 1.735

    Garnet, Grossular 1.738

    Staurolite 1.739

    Cobalt Blue 1.74

    Periclase 1.74

    Pyrope 1.74

    Alexandrite 1.745

    Chrysoberyl 1.745

    Garnet, Hessonite 1.745

    Benitoite 1.757

    Garnet, Almandine 1.76

    Garnet, Rhodolite 1.76

    Ruby 1.76

    Sapphire 1.76

    Corundum 1.766

    Ceylanite 1.77

    Painite 1.787

    Garnet, Almandite 1.79

    Glass, Flint, Lanthanum 1.8

    Zircon, Low 1.8

    Cerussite 1.804

    Garnet, Spessartite 1.81

    Pyrite 1.81

    Garnet, Andradite 1.82

    Purpurite 1.84

    Uvarovite 1.87

    Garnet, Demantoid 1.88

    Sphene 1.885

    Glass, Flint, Heaviest 1.89

    Scheelite 1.92

    Sulphur 1.96

    Zircon, High 1.96

    Cobalt Green 1.97

    Cassiterite 1.997

    Crystal 2

    Lead 2.01

    Zincite 2.01

    Phosgenite 2.117

    Zirconia, Cubic 2.17

    Tantalite 2.24

    Wulfenite 2.3

    Chrome Yellow 2.31

    Crocoite 2.31

    Sphalerite 2.368

    Chrome Green 2.4

    Fabulite 2.409

    Strontium Titanate 2.41

    Diamond 2.417

    Chrome Red 2.42

    Anatase 2.49

    Steel 2.5

    Rutile 2.62

    Copper Oxide 2.705

    Proustite 2.79

    Cuprite 2.85

    Selenium, Amorphous 2.92

    Hematite 2.94

    Chromium 2.97

    Iodine Crystal 3.34

    Silicon 4.24

    Almandine 1.830

    Andradite 1.887

    Apatite 1.624- 1.667

    Aragonite 1.530 – 1.686

    Barite 1.636 – 1.648

    Beryl 1.565 – 1.598

    Calcite 1.486 – 1.740

    Cerussite 1.804 – 2.079

    Chrysoberyl 1.746 – 1.756

    Corundum 1.759 – 1.772

    Diamond 2.418

    Fluorite 1.434

    Grossularite 1.734

    Gypsum 1.519 – 1.531

    Halite 1.544

    Microcline 1.514 – 1.539

    Olivine 1.63 – 1.88

    Opal 1.41 – 1.46

    Quartz 1.544 – 1.553

    Rhodochrosite 1.597 – 1.816

    Rutile 2.605 – 2.901

    Scapolite 1.546 – 1.600

    Sodalite 1.483 – 1.487

    Spessartine 1.800

    Sphalerite 2.369

    Sphene 1.843 – 2.110

    Spinel 1.719

    Topaz 1.606 – 1.638

    Tourmaline 1.635 – 1.675

    Zircon 1.923 – 2.015

    Table 1: Index of refraction of water as a

    function of wave length and water temperature.

    ———————————————-

    Wave Length

    (Angstroms) T=10 C T=20 C T=30 C

    7065 1.3307 1.3300 1.3290

    5893 1.3337 1.3330 1.3319

    5016 1.3371 1.3364 1.3353

    4047 1.3435 1.3427 1.3417

    Vaccuum 1.000000

    Helium 1.000036

    Hydrogen 1.000140

    Oxygen 1.000276

    Argon 1.000281

    Air 1.0002926

    Nitrogen 1.000297

    Carbon Dioxide 1.000449

    Liquid Hydrogen 1.0974

    Liquid Nitrogen 1.2053

    Water at 00C 1.309

    Water at 1000C 1.31819

    Alcohol 1.329

    Water 350C 1.33157

    Acetone 1.36

    Ethyl Alcohol 1.36

    Chlorine 1.385

    Fluorite 1.434

    Opal 1.450

    Quartz 1.45843

    Carbon Tetrachloride 1.460

    Plastic 1.460

    Turpentine 1.472

    Glycerine 1.473

    Plexiglass 1.50

    Benzene 1.501

    Glass 1.51714

    Ruby 1.760

    Sapphire 1.760

    Sulphur 1.960

    Crystal 2.00

    Diamond 2.417

    Steel 2.50

    Silicon 4.24

    Nylon 1.53

    Obsidian 1.50

    Plastic 1.460 – 1.55

    Plexiglas 1.488

    Salt 1.516

    Glass, Flint, 29% lead 1.569

    Glass, Flint, 55% lead 1.669

    Glass, Flint, 71% lead 1.805

    Glass, Fused Silica 1.459

    Glass, Pyrex 1.474

    Lucite 1.495

    Acetone 1.36

    Alcohol, Ethyl (grain) 1.36

    Alcohol, Methyl (wood) 1.329

    Beer 1.345

    Carbonated Beverages 1.34 – 1.356

    Fruit Juice

    Chlorine (liq) 1.385

    Cranberry Juice (25%) 1.351

    Glycerin 1.473

    Honey, 13% water content 1.504

    Honey, 17% water content 1.494

    Honey, 21% water content 1.484

    Ice 1.309

    Milk 1.35

    Oil, Clove 1.535

    Oil, Lemon 1.481

    Oil, Neroli 1.482

    Oil, Orange 1.473

    Oil, Safflower 1.466

    Oil, vegetable (50° C) 1.47

    Oil of Wintergreen 1.536

    Rum, White 1.361

    Shampoo 1.362

    Sugar Solution 30% 1.38

    Sugar Solution 80% 1.49

    Turpentine 1.472

    Vodka 1.363

    Water (0° C) 1.33346

    Water (100° C) 1.31766

    Water (20° C) 1.33283

    Whisky 1.356

    Aluminum 1.39

    Copper 2.43

    Gold 0.47

    Mylar 1.65

    Nickel 1.08

    Platinum 2.33

    Silver 1.35

    Titanium 2.16

    Agate 1.544 – 1.553

    Alexandrite 1.746 – 1.755

    Almandine 1.75 – 1.83

    Amber 1.539 – 1.545

    Amethyst 1.532 – 1.554

    Ammolite 1.52 -1.68

    Andalusite 1.629 – 1.650

    Apatite 1.632 – 1.42

    Aquamarine 1.567-1.590

    Axenite 1.674 – 1.704

    Beryl 1.57 – 1.60

    Beryl, Red 1.570 – 1.598

    Chalcedony 1.544 – 1.553

    Chrome Tourmaline, 1.61 – 1.64

    Citrine 1.532 – 1.554

    Clinohumite 1.625 – 1.675

    Coral 1.486 – 1.658

    Crystal 2.000

    Crysoberyl, Catseye 1.746 – 1.755

    Danburite 1.627 – 1.641

    Diamond 2.417

    Emerald 1.560 – 1.605

    Emerald Catseye 1.560 – 1.605

    Flourite 1.434

    Garnet, Grossular 1.72 – 1.80

    Garnet, Andradite 1.88 – 1.94

    Garnet, Demantiod 1.880 – 1.9

    Garnet, Mandarin 1.790 – 1.8

    Garnet, Pyrope 1.73 – 1.76

    Garnet, Rhodolite 1.740 – 1.770

    Garnet, Tsavorite 1.739 – 1.744

    Garnet, Uvarovite 1.74 – 1.87

    Hauyn 1.490 – 1.505

    Iolite 1.522 – 1.578

    Jade, Jadeite 1.64 – 1.667

    Jade, Nephrite 1.600 – 1.641

    Jet 1.660

    Kunzite 1.660 – 1.676

    Labradorite 1.560 – 1.572

    Lapis Lazuli 1.50 – 1.55

    Moonstone 1.518 – 1.526

    Morganite 1.585 – 1.594

    Obsidian 1.50

    Opal, Black 1.440 – 1.460

    Opal, Fire 1.430 – 1.460

    Opal, White 1.440 – 1.460

    Oregon Sunstone 1.560 – 1.572

    Padparadja 1.760 – 1.773

    Pearl 1.53 – 1.69

    Peridot 1.635 – 1.690

    Quartz 1.544 – 1.553

    Ruby 1.757 – 1.779

    Sapphire 1.757 – 1.779

    Sapphire, Star 1.760 – 1.773

    Spessarite 1.79 – 1.81

    Spinel 1.712 – 1.717

    Spinel, Blue 1.712 – 1.747

    Spinel, Red 1.708 – 1.735

    Star Ruby 1.76 – 1.773

    Tanzanite 1.690-1.7

    Tanzanite 1.692 – 1.700

    Topaz 1.607 – 1.627

    Topaz, Imperial 1.605-1.640

    Tourmaline 1.603 – 1.655

    Tourmaline, Blue 1.61 – 1.64

    Tourmaline, Catseye 1.61 – 1.64

    Tourmaline, Green 1.61 – 1.64

    Tourmaline, Paraiba 1.61 – 1.65

    Tourmaline, Red 1.61 – 1.64

    Zircon 1.777 – 1.987

    Zirconia, Cubic 2.173 – 2.21

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